Here are the definitions of some words used in the text. Medical terms
are defined only relating to humans. Words are omitted that have
ambiguous or technical meanings not expressible in lay language.
Outward end of the spine of the scapula or shoulder blade.
Consisting of, resembling, or relating to fat.
Pronounced, generalized edema; accumulation of serous fluid in
various tissues and cavities of the body.
anastomosing (anastomoses, anastomosis)
Communication between blood vessels by means of collateral
channels, when usual routes are obstructed. Opening between two organs or
spaces that normally are not connected.
Localized blood-filled dilatation of a blood vessel caused by
disease or weakening of the vessel's wall.
One versed in human anatomy.
Main trunk of the arterial system, conveying blood from the left
ventricle of the heart to all of the body except the lungs.
apices (plural of apex)
Pointed end of an object; the tip.
Sheet-like fibrous membrane, resembling a flattened tendon, that
serves as a fascia to bind muscles together or as a means of
connecting muscle to bone.
Complete equipment of a physician or medical institution,
including books, supplies, and instruments.
Listening, either directly or through a stethoscope or other
instrument, to sounds within the body as a method of diagnosis.
Occurring singly; not one of a pair.
Separated or cleft into two equal parts or lobes.
Relating to bile, the bile ducts, or the gallbladder;
Long, narrow surgical knife for minor incisions.
Slender, flexible instrument introduced into body passages, to
dilate, examine, or medicate.
Belonging to the arm.
Inguinal hernia, in which the protrusion of the intestine is
to the region of the groin.
Metal tube for insertion into the body to draw off fluid or to
Two large arteries, one on each side of the head.
Relating to the head.
Pertaining to the neck.
Benign iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent girls, marked by a
pale yellow-green complexion.
Either of two slender bones extending from the upper part of the
sternum (breastbone) to the shoulder.
Joining together of two surfaces, such as the edges of a wound
or the ends of a broken bone.
Smooth surface area at the end of a bone, forming part of a
Pertaining to the ribs or the upper sides of the body.
Suspensory muscle of the testis.
Relating to the leg or thigh.
A smoothly grooved instrument used with a knife to limit the
incision of tissues.
Situated away from the point of origin or attachment.
dropsy (dropsical) (edema)
Swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells,
tissues, or serous cavities
Chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs; abnormal enlargement
of air spaces in the lungs accompanied by destruction of the tissue
lining the walls of the air spaces.
Organ or duct that removes or carries waste from the body.
Upper middle region of the abdomen.
Pleasant in sound; agreeable to the ear;
Urgency, need, demand, or requirement intrinsic to a
Exuding or passing out of a vessel into surrounding tissues;
said of blood, lymph or urine
A band of connective tissue supporting, or binding together
organs or parts of the body.
Pertaining to, or situated at, in, or near the thigh or femur.
Abnormal duct or passage resulting from injury, disease, or a
congenital disorder that connects an abscess, cavity, or hollow
to the body surface or to another hollow organ.
Opening, orifice, or short passage, as in a bone.
Small cavity or depression, as in a bone.
Pertaining to the liver.
Protrusion of an organ or tissue through an opening in its
walls, especially in the abdomen.
Bone in the arm of humans extending from the shoulder to the
Cathartics that aid in the removal of edematous fluids and thus
promote the discharge of watery fluid from the bowels.
An accumulation of serous fluid, usually about the testis.
See dropsy. Edema.
Common iliac artery--either of two large arteries that conduct
blood to the pelvis and the legs. External iliac artery--the outer
branch of an iliac artery that becomes the femoral artery. Hypogastric
artery--internal iliac artery; the inner branch of an iliac
artery that conducts blood to the gluteal region.
Shaped like a funnel.
Relating to, or located in the groin.
Designated parts otherwise unnamed; as, the innominate artery, a
great branch of the arch of the aorta; the innominate vein, a great
branch of the superior vena cava.
Unite by openings; connect or join so as to become or make
continuous, as fibers; blend, unite intimately
Natural covering, coating, enclosure, etc., as a skin, shell, or
Cutting into the larynx, from the outside of the neck, to assist
respiration, or to remove foreign bodies.
Thread or wire for constriction of blood vessels or for removing
tumors by strangulation.
Surgery to remove one or more stones from an organ or duct.
Body opening such as the opening of the ear or the urethral
Profound change in form from one stage to the next, as from the
caterpillar to the pupa and from the pupa to the adult butterfly.
Passing urine; urination.
Nostrils or the nasal passages.
Effort or endeavor to realize an aim.
Back part of the head or skull.
Muscular membranous tube for the passage of food from the
pharynx to the stomach.
Pertaining to, or located in the palm of the hand.
Puncture of the wall of a cavity to drain off fluid.
Wall of a body part, organ, or cavity.
Salivary gland situated at the base of each ear; near the ear.
Striking or tapping the surface the body for diagnostic or
A double membranous sac protecting the heart. The layer in
contact with the heart is referred to as the visceral layer, the outer
layer in contact with surrounding organs is the parietal pericardium.
Serous membrane that lines the walls of the abdominal cavity and
folds inward to enclose the viscera.
The cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles, that
connects the mouth and nasal passages with the esophagus.
Biological study of the functions of living organisms and their
Broad, thin muscle on each side of the neck, from the upper part
of the shoulder to the corner of the mouth. They wrinkle the skin
of the neck and depresses the corner of the mouth.
Thin serous membrane in mammals that envelops each lung and
folds back to make a lining for the chest cavity.
Inflammation of the pleura, often as a complication of a disease
such as pneumonia, accompanied by accumulation of fluid in the pleural
cavity, chills, fever, and painful breathing and coughing.
Network, as of nerves or blood vessels.
Air or gas in the pleural cavity.
Relating to the hollow part of the leg behind the knee joint.
Long, slender, elastic rod with a sponge at the end. It is
introduced into the esophagus or larynx to remove foreign bodies or
Pertaining to the external organs of generation.
Shaped like a pear.
Bone of the forearm on the thumb side. (See ulnar)
A branch, as of a nerve, or blood vessel.
Seamlike union between two parts or halves of an organ.
Formed with or having saclike expansions.
Hard dense cancerous growth usually arising from connective
Thin partition dividing two cavities or soft masses of tissue.
Bones extending along the middle line of the ventral portion of
the body of most vertebrates, consisting in humans of a flat, narrow
connected with the clavicles and the true ribs; breastbone.
Abnormal narrowing of a duct or passage.
Beneath the clavicle.
Pertaining to the lower jaw.
The only example of its kind; a class of its own; unique
Junction of two bones.
Growing together, or the fixed or nearly fixed union, of bones.
Replacing of a displaced part, or the reducing of a hernia, by
manipulation without cutting.
tegument (tegumentary, integument)
Natural outer covering.
Trunk between the neck and the abdomen, containing the cavity
enclosed by the ribs, sternum, and certain vertebrae, containing the
heart, lungs, etc.; chest.
Tube descending from the larynx to the bronchi and carrying air
to the lungs. Windpipe.
Small circular saw with a center pin mounted on a strong hollow
metal shaft, used to remove circular disks of bone from the skull.
Sharp-pointed instrument enclosed in a cannula, used for
withdrawing fluid from a cavity, as the abdominal cavity.
Pouch of serous membrane covering the testis and derived from the
venesection (venisection, phlebotomy)
Opening a vein by incision or puncture to remove blood as a
Contraction of the Latin "videre licet" meaning "it is
permissible to see," The -z- is not a letter, but originally a twirl,
the symbol for the ending -et. Usually read as "namely."
Bone of the forearm on the side opposite to the thumb. (See